quinta-feira, 1 de março de 2018

Visual Grammar and Architecture Ideology
“The problem of architecture as I see it…is the problem of all art—the elimination of the human element from the consideration of form. The only perfect building must be the factory, because that is built to house machines, not men."

Otto Silenus, the practitioner of Bauhaus architecture in «Decline and Fall»  of  Evelyn Waugh.
Waugh’s portrayal of German architect Professor Otto Silenus is no doubt a fairly accurate reflection of conservative British opinion towards Modernism in late 1920’s.

Urbanistic arrogance
About the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (W-DC)

“The building’s bunkerlike appearance – it has no exterior windows except for a strip opening off a third-floor gallery – has been the subject of much criticism already.  Washingtonians, who have been bickering about the building since construction started in 1969, are fond of calling the window the gun turret.  That is not a particularly friendly comment — but then, this is not a particularly friendly building.  From the street, in fact, it reads only as a gesture of urbanistic arrogance.  The round windowless form clashes with buildings nearby…” -Paul Goldberger, New York Times, 10/2/1974

Modern churches aren’t up to scratch,
says Vatican museum chief

Vatican Museum Director, Antonio Paolucci today criticised contemporary-style churches for lacking “form” and harked back to the Baroque era when he said that shrines embodied religious faith.

The Church of God the Merciful Father in Rome (designed by architect Richard Meier) “could just as well be a museum in Texas or an auditorium in Melbourne”, he wrote in the Vatican’s official Osservatore Romano daily.

Paolucci, who is also the head of cultural heritage for the Vatican, said what was lacking in these structures was the “church form”.

Paolucci said that religious faith in Russia survived through 70 years of Communist atheism thanks to the many churches that were preserved.

Paolucci is not the first Vatican voice to criticise contemporary churches.

Vatican culture chief Gianfranco Ravasi has said many modern churches are “inhospitable” and even compared them to “pretentious and vulgar houses” that were as alienating as a concert hall.

2013 - thejournal.ie

 Visual vocabulary, grammar, and rhetoric

Any form of communication relies on three tools: 

1- a set of well-defined symbols that precisely convey distinct concepts (a vocabulary);
2- rules for how to (and how not to) combine these symbols to construct meaning (a grammar);
3- and strategies for choosing and presenting symbols to communicate the message (a rhetoric). 

In this sense, words are no different from images: you can't communicate effectively with either if you don't understand how to use all three tools.

May 2007 geoff-hart.com

Semiotics is the study of meaning-making, the study of sign process (semiosis) and meaningful communication.
Semiotics includes the study of signs and sign processes, indication, designation, likeness, analogy, allegory, metonymy, metaphor, symbolism, signification, and communication.

Grammaire des arts du dessin

L'architecture est l'art de construire selon les principes du beau. La beauté dans l'architecture répond à une idée de devoir. À la beauté de l'architecture sont liés deux outres qualités indispensables: la convenance e la solidité.Blanc, Charles. 1876.

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